The Sturmgewehr 44 was a German automatic rifle developed during World War II, and generally considered the first mass produced assault rifle in the world. It was developed from the earlier Haenel MKb 42 H "machine carbine" prototype. During development the project was hidden from Hitler, who had ordered it cancelled, by referring to it as a submachine gun Maschinenpistole ; during this time it was known as the MP43 and MP When the deception was discovered supposedly due to an officer requesting "more of these new rifles" it was demonstrated to the German high command, and Hitler himself re-named it the "Sturmgewehr.
The claim that the StG was the first assault rifle is a contentious one; other weapons which could be termed early assault rifles have existed before for example, the Russian Fedorov Avtomat.
Rather, the StG was the first to be mass produced, and the first to be referred to as an assault rifle. While the StG was well received by troops and is often depicted as some kind of superweapon in modern videogames, it suffered from a number of issues throughout production. The materials used in the mass-production StG were of poor quality due to war expediency, and British analysts who praised the earlier MP43 found the bolt could be totally immobilised by pinching the sides of the receiver with the fingers of one hand, while the rifle could be totally destroyed by the simple act of leaning it against a doorframe and then knocking it over.
The stock was prone to breakages, and American analysts criticised the Because of its manufacturing costs, which prevented speedy wartime production, the StG 44 was scheduled to be replaced with the Sturmgewehr 45but the war ended before the new rifle could be issued for field trials.
Due to administrative errors and the chaos of the war, around one hundred thousand StGs were never delivered to the front lines and were seized by the Soviet army from depots and warehouses after the war ended, ultimately being provided to client states: this is why StGs are not an uncommon sight in conflict zones even today. These surplus StGs were sufficiently common that they were often visually modified to stand in for M16s in Soviet-era Russian movies. The Sturmgewehr 44 and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:.
A prototype, developed by C. Haenel in the framework of the competition for the creation of automatic weapons for the intermediate cartridge 7. Another project for this assignment was the Walther -made MKb 42 Wbut it was rejected on the early stage.
By July50 pre-production MKb 42 H rifles had already been submitted for testing, and from November to AprilHaenel produced and supplied about 8, new assault rifles to the troops, which were tested in combat against Soviet army. Based on the results of these tests, it was decided that MKb. Jump to: navigationsearch. Categories : Gun Rifle Assault Rifle. Namespaces Page Discussion. Views Read View source View history. Social Media Facebook Forum.Participation Requirements: Valid Credit Card required for bidding approval.
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Go to Catalog. Got One to Sell? Add To Wish List. Text Reminder. Open Fullscreen. Item Views. The STG44 select fire rifle was a continuation of the MP44 series of weapons which was designed for mass production using several stamped sheet and welded steel parts.
The 7. This allowed the German Infantryman to carry considerably more ammunition that the standard 8mm ammunition for the 98K rifles. This specific example is a very late production model, manufactured in Sauer factory.The StG 44 Sturmgewehr 44literally "storm or assault rifle model of 19 44" was an assault rifle developed in Nazi Germany during World War II that was the first of its kind to see major deployment and is considered by many historians to be the first modern assault rifle.
The rifle is fitted with a ZF 4 telescopic sight. MP 43, MP 44, and StG 44 were different designations for what was essentially the same rifle, with minor updates in production. The variety in nomenclatures resulted from the complicated bureaucracy in Nazi Germany. Developed from the Mkb 42 H "machine carbine", the StG44 combined the characteristics of a carbinesubmachine gun and automatic rifle. The name was chosen for propaganda reasons and literally means "storm rifle" as in "to storm i.
After the adoption of the StG 44, the English translation " assault rifle " became the accepted designation for this type of infantry small arm. The rifle was chambered for the 7. This shorter version of the German standard 7. While the StG44 had less range and power than the more powerful infantry rifles of the day, Wehrmacht studies had shown that most combat engagements occurred at less than m, with the majority within m.
Full-power rifle cartridges were excessive for the vast majority of uses for the average soldier. Only a trained specialist, such as a snipercould make full use of the standard rifle round's range and power. The StG 44's receiver was made of heavy stamped and welded steel as were other contemporary arms such as the MP 40 and MG This made for a fairly heavy rifle, especially one firing an intermediate-power cartridge. Difficulties with fabrication, the need to use available non-priority steels, and the exigencies of war resulted in a heavy receiver.
The British were also critical saying that the receiver could be bent and the bolt locked up by the mere act of knocking a leaning rifle onto a hard floor. To its credit, it was the first successful weapon of its class, and the concept had a major impact on modern infantry small arms development. By all accounts, the StG 44 fulfilled its role admirably, particularly on the Eastern Frontoffering a greatly increased volume of fire compared to standard infantry rifles.
In the end, it came too late to have a significant effect on the outcome of the war. A German infantryman wearing "splinter" camouflage and a ghillie cap. At the start of the Second World War, German infantry were equipped with weapons comparable to those of most other military forces.
A typical infantry unit was equipped with a mix of bolt action rifles and some form of light or medium machine guns. One difference from other armies was the emphasis on the machine gun as the primary infantry weapon. In contrast, allied doctrine centered around the rifleman, with machine guns employed as support and point-defense weapons. German units tended to be machine gun "heavy", carrying more ammunition for the machine gun than for the rifles, using belt ammunition for their more modern section-level weapons to maintain a higher rate of fire, and generally thinking of the rifle as a support weapon.
Although newer rifle designs had been studied on several occasions, the infantry squad primary centered around the machine gun. Script error: No such module "Namespace detect".Konstruktiv gesprache fuhren
One problem with this mix was that the standard rifles were too large to be effectively used by mechanized and armored forces, where they were difficult to maneuver in the cramped spaces of an armored vehicle. Submachine guns such as the MP 28MP 38, and MP 40 were issued to augment infantry rifle use and increase individual firepower, but suffered from a distinct lack of range and accuracy beyond m.
A small fast-firing weapon would have been useful in this role, but again the need did not seem pressing. The issue arose once again during the invasion of the Soviet Union. The Red Army had been in the process of replacing its own bolt action rifles in the immediate pre—war era.
Increasing numbers of semi-automatic Tokarev SVT and SVTs were reaching Red Army units, though issue was generally restricted to elite units and non-commissioned officers. Submachine guns were extremely widespread, and issued on a far larger scale; some Soviet rifle companies were completely equipped with PPSh submachine guns.Although supplemented by semi- and fully automatic rifles during World War II, it remained the primary German service rifle until the end of the war in The Karabiner 98k therefore continues to appear in conflicts across the world as they are taken out of storage during times of strife.
In February the Heereswaffenamt Army Weapons Agency ordered the adoption of a new military rifle. The Karabiner 98k was derived from earlier rifles, namely the Mauser Standardmodell of and the Karabiner 98b, which in turn had both been developed from the Gewehr Since the Karabiner 98k rifle was shorter than the earlier Karabiner 98b the 98b was a carbine in name only, it was a version of the Gewehr 98 long rifle designated a carbine to adhere to the Treaty of Versailles. The 98b was additionally fitted with a tangent rear sight rather than the more claustrophobic "Lange" ramp sightthe new rifle was given the designation Karabiner 98 kurzmeaning "Carbine 98 Short".
The pattern 7. It was found that the s. Patroneoriginally designed for long range machine gun use, produced less muzzle flash out of rifles that had a shorter barrel and also provided better accuracy.Citazioni compleanno sorella
Because of this the S Patrone was phased out in and the s. Patrone became the standard German service ball cartridge in the s.Mouse sensitivity converter cyberpunk
The Karabiner 98k is a controlled-feed bolt-action rifle based on the Mauser M98 system. Its internal magazine can be loaded with five 7.
The straight bolt handle found on the Gewehr 98 bolt was replaced by a turned-down bolt handle on the Karabiner 98k. This change made it easier to rapidly operate the bolt, reduced the amount the handle projected beyond the receiver, and enabled mounting of aiming optics directly above the receiver. Each rifle was furnished with a short length of cleaning rod, fitted through the bayonet stud.
The joined rods from 3 rifles provided one full-length cleaning rod. The metal parts of the rifle were blued, a process in which steel is partially protected against rust by a layer of magnetite Fe 3 O 4. Such a thin black oxide layer provides only minimal protection against rust or corrosion, unless also treated with a water-displacing oil to reduce wetting and galvanic corrosion.
The impractical Langevisier or "rollercoaster" rear sight of the Mauser Gewehr was replaced with a conventional tangent leaf sight.
The Karabiner 98k rear tangent sight was flatter compared to and does not obstruct the view to the sides during aiming as the Langevisier. Originally, the Karabiner 98k iron sight line had an open-pointed-post-type barlycorn front sight, and a tangent-type rear sight with a V-shaped rear notch. These standard sight lines consisted of somewhat coarse aiming elements, making it suitable for rough field handling, aiming at distant area fire targets and low-light usage, but less suitable for precise aiming at distant or small point targets.
It is graduated for 7. Patrone cartridges loaded with The sight line of early productions rifles have the ranging scale copied at the bottom of the tangent aiming element for setting the range whilst lying down.Post a Comment.
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Thanks to two studious German military collectors, Rock Island Auction Company has amassed a German Military arms collection that will stun enthusiasts, collectors, and investors of the genre, as well as more than a few curious spectators.
As many collectors saw previously in our May Premiere Firearms Auction, the Von Norden Collection is a comprehensive study into German arms and what at times seems like an endless list of variants. The Gene Smith Collection, on the other hand, while also filled with many excellent quality and rare firearms, showcases the labor of love over several decades in its abundance of prototype and rare German arms.
Today's story is going to cover two supremely rare German military arms from the Von Norden Collection. With a claim like that, let's show you a pair of items that can help prove it. Haenel Manufactured Mkb. No comments:.20 mcg 1plsd
Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom. The exact scenario of Hitler and his Minister of Armaments Albert Speer is unknown, but Hitler appears less than pleased with the weapons lain before him.
On the left appears to be the MkB. Looking through the optics and seeing the front sights barrel is lowest object in photo.
Note the different angles for where the device attaches and the muzzle.Starting fromthe short 1. The ZF41 was the first attempt to provide the ordinary infantryman with a rifle capable of being used, if not for pure snipingthen at least for sharpshooting.
Though useful for sharpshooting with normal infantry units, the design was generally rejected by sniper schools and disliked by snipersbecause the 1. Problems were the scope's extreme eye relief, poor functioning in bad light and low magnifying power. Nonetheless, lack of better telescopic sights meant the ZF41 was used by snipers at the early stages of the war in the Eastern Frontbut many snipers preferred captured Soviet rifles and custom-equipped German rifles with civilian scopes such as the vintage Gewehr By the end of the war inmore thanZF41 scopes had been produced, the largest production of German optical sights during the war.
The G m and G w semi-automatic rifles had ZF40 scopes added in small quantities for test and evaluation in the field. These were photographed for inclusion in the ZF41 manual in However the Brno factory switched over to the Karabiner 98k in As of only one has been examined and found to be a real test batch scoped rifle: it is a late dot production rifle with serial number C.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.The StG 44 was an improvement of an earlier design, the Maschinenkarabiner 42 H. The StG 44 was the first successful assault riflewith features including an intermediate cartridgecontrollable automatic fire, a more compact design than a battle rifle with a higher rate of fire, and being designed primarily for hitting targets within a few hundred metres.
The StG 44 fulfilled its role effectively, particularly on the Eastern Frontoffering a greatly increased volume of fire compared to standard infantry rifles. MP 43, MP 44, and StG 44 were different designations for what was essentially the same rifle with minor updates in production. The variety in nomenclatures resulted from the complicated bureaucracy in Nazi Germany.
Lot 571: German STG 44 WWII Machine Gun Sturmgewehr $28,750
StG is an abbreviation of Sturmgewehr. According to one account, the name was chosen personally by Adolf Hitler   for propaganda reasons and means "assault rifle" as in "to assault an enemy position", although some sources dispute that Hitler had much to do with coining the new name besides signing the order. Over the course of its production, there were minor changes to the butt end, muzzle nut, shape of the front sight base and stepping of the barrel.
The rifle was chambered for the 7. Full-power rifle cartridges were excessive for most uses for the average soldier. Only a trained specialist, such as a sniperor soldiers equipped with machine guns, which fired multiple rounds at a known or suspected target, could make full use of the standard rifle round's range and power.
The British were critical of the weapon, saying that the receiver could be bent and the bolt locked up by the mere act of knocking a leaning rifle onto a hard floor. In the late 19th century, small-arms cartridges had become able to fire accurately at long distances.
This was beyond the range a shooter could engage a target with open sights, as at that range a man-sized target would be completely blocked by the front sight blade. Only units of riflemen firing by volley could hit grouped targets at those ranges. That fighting style was taken over by the widespread introduction of machine guns, which made use of these powerful cartridges to suppress the enemy at long range.
Rifles remained the primary infantry weapon, but in some forces were seen as a secondary or support weapon, backing up the machine guns. This left a large gap in performance; the rifle was not effective at the ranges it could theoretically reach while being much larger and more powerful than needed for close combat.
Weapons for short-range use existed, initially semi-automatic pistols and, later, automatic submachine guns. These fired pistol rounds which lacked power, accuracy, and range. This led to extensive research into creating an intermediate round to fill this gap. This type of ammunition was being considered as early asbut militaries at the time were still fixated on increasing the maximum range and velocity of bullets from their rifles.
A smaller, shorter, and less powerful round would save materials, allow soldiers to carry more ammunition, and increase firepower. Less recoil would allow semi-automatic or even fully automatic select-fire rifles, although in his paper he called it a Maschinenpistole submachine gun.
Inthe German Army set out requirements for a Gewehr 98 replacement. Development of the future infantry rifle did not start until the s. Geco's automatic carbine was the Model A35a further development of the SG29 semi-automatic rifle. The weapon was complicated and unsafe to handle. The German government started its own intermediate round and weapon program soon after.
German ammunition maker Polte of Magdeburg was commissioned to develop the rounds in April and signed a contract with the Heereswaffenamt HWA. At the same time, the HWA contracted C. Haenel of Suhl to create a weapon for the round. It should be rifle grenade compatible, reliable, maintainable, and have a "straightforward design". Fifty rifles were to be delivered for field testing in early At the start of World War II, German infantry were equipped with weapons comparable to those of most other military forces.
A typical infantry unit was equipped with a mix of bolt-action rifles and some form of lightmedium or a general-purpose machine guns.
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